Influenza is an infectious disease that anyone can get. The cause of influenza is a virus that gets from infected people into the nasopharynx of others. Most people get the flu for only a few days, but some get it more seriously, possibly severe, up to fatal.
Influenza aggravates existing chronic diseases, in addition, influenza has an extensive list of possible complications:
- Pulmonary complications (pneumonia, bronchitis). Pneumonia is the cause of most flu-related deaths.
- Complications of the upper respiratory tract and ENT organs (otitis, sinusitis, rhinitis, tracheitis).
- Complications from the cardiovascular system (myocarditis, pericarditis).
- Complications of the nervous system (meningitis, meningoencephalitis, encephalitis, neuralgia, polyradiculonevrite).
To avoid possible complications, it is important to conduct flu prevention in time and properly treat the disease itself. Usually, the flu begins suddenly. Influenza agents, viruses of types A and B, are aggressive and extremely high speed of reproduction, so within a few hours after infection, the virus leads to deep lesions of the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract, opening the possibility of bacteria penetration.
Among the symptoms of influenza – fever, fever 37.5-39 ° C, headache, muscle and joint pain, chills, fatigue, cough, runny nose or blocked nose, sore throat.
Influenza can be confused with other diseases, so a clear diagnosis should be made by a doctor, he also prescribes the tactics of treatment.
What to do if you have influenza?
The patient himself at the first symptoms should stay at home, so as not only not to infect others, but also to engage in timely treatment, which requires an immediate visit to the doctor. To prevent further spread of infection, the patient should be isolated from healthy persons, it is desirable to have a separate room. Self-treatment in case of influenza is unacceptable, and it is the doctor must diagnose and prescribe the necessary treatment appropriate to the condition and age of the patient. For proper treatment, it is necessary to strictly follow all the recommendations of the attending physician and take medicines in time. In addition, abundant drinking is recommended – it can be hot tea, cranberry or lingonberry mors, alkaline mineral waters. Drink more often and as much as possible.
It is important!
At a temperature of 38 – 39 ° C, call a local doctor at home or an ambulance team.
When coughing or sneezing, the patient should cover his mouth and nose with a handkerchief or a napkin.
The room where the patient is located should be regularly ventilated and wet cleaned as often as possible, preferably with disinfectants that act on viruses. Communication with diseased influenza should be limited and a medical mask or gauze bandage should be used for its care.
How to protect yourself from influenza?
According to the position of the World Health Organization, the most effective tool against influenza is vaccination, because it is the vaccine that provides protection against the types of influenza virus that are the most relevant in this epidemiological season and are part of it. The introduction of the vaccine into the body can not cause disease, but by producing protective antibodies stimulates the immune system to combat infection. The effectiveness of the flu vaccine is incomparably higher than all non-specific drugs that can be taken during the winter months, such as immunomodulators, vitamins, homeopathic remedies, “folk medicine” and so on. Vaccination is recommended for all population groups, but especially for children from 6 months, people with chronic diseases, pregnant women, as well as persons from occupational risk groups – health workers, teachers, students, service and transport workers.
Vaccination should be carried out 2-3 weeks before the beginning of the increase in morbidity, vaccination can be carried out only in a medical institution by specially trained medical personnel, and before vaccination must be examined by a doctor.
There are few contraindications to flu vaccination. Influenza vaccination should not be done in case of acute fever, in the period of exacerbation of chronic diseases, with hypersensitivity to egg white (if it is part of the vaccine). By making a flu vaccine, you protect your body from the attack of the most dangerous viruses – flu viruses, but there are still more than 200 types of viruses that are less dangerous to humans, but can also cause acute respiratory infections. Therefore, it is recommended to take non-specific preventive measures during the epidemic rise of acute respiratory infections and influenza.