Musculoskeletal disorders and diseases are more than 150 disorders that affect the musculoskeletal system. They range from acute and transient phenomena – fractures, sprains and dislocations – to lifelong impairments accompanied by permanent loss of function and disability. Disorders and diseases of the musculoskeletal system are usually characterized by pain (often constant), decreased mobility, impaired motor skills and functional capabilities in general, which limit a person’s ability to work. Some specialists prescribe this drug to patients: https://pillintrip.com/medicine/aprol.
Disorders and diseases of the musculoskeletal system include disorders affecting:
Joints, particularly osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, gout, and ankylosing spondyloarthritis;
bones, particularly osteoporosis, osteopenia, and related fractures due to bone fragility or trauma;
muscles, particularly sarcopenia;
the spine, particularly lumbago and cervicalgia;
various parts of the body or body systems, particularly regional and widespread pain syndromes and inflammatory diseases, such as connective tissue disease and vasculitis, characterized by symptoms on the musculoskeletal system, or systemic lupus erythematosus.
In addition, musculoskeletal disorders and diseases are the biggest factor driving the global need for rehabilitation services. They are among the main reasons driving the demand for such services for children, and about two-thirds of the adults in need of rehabilitation services are people suffering from musculoskeletal disorders and diseases.
Prevalence of the problem
Data from the recent Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study indicate that approximately 1.71 billion people worldwide suffer from musculoskeletal disorders and diseases (1). Although the prevalence of musculoskeletal diseases varies by age and diagnosis, they affect people of all ages worldwide. Populations in high-income countries are most affected (441 million people), followed by those in the Western Pacific Region (427 million people) and the Southeast Asia Region (369 million people). Musculoskeletal disorders and diseases are also the leading cause of disability in the world, accounting for an estimated 149 million years lived with disability, or 17% of all years lived with disability due to various causes, globally.
Lumbago accounts for the majority of the total burden of musculoskeletal disorders a
nd diseases. Other contributors to this burden include fractures (436 million people worldwide), osteoarthritis (343 million people), other injuries (305 million people), cervicalgia (222 million people), amputations (175 million people), and rheumatoid arthritis (14 million people) (1).
Although the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders and diseases increases with age, they also affect younger people, often in the years of greatest economic activity. Lumbago, for example, is a major cause of premature termination of employment. The adverse effects on society are truly enormous, not only in terms of direct health care costs, but also in terms of indirect costs (which translate into missed workdays, reduced productivity). In addition, musculoskeletal disorders and diseases are closely associated with significant deterioration in mental health and reduced functional capacity. The number of people suffering from lumbago is projected to increase in the future, most rapidly in low- and middle-income countries (2).
The WHO Rehabilitation Need Estimator provides a unique opportunity to obtain data on the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders and diseases in individual countries, regions and the world as a whole, as well as data on years lived with disabilities due to musculoskeletal disorders and diseases.